From the 2022 SOMESHA has considered the Horn of Africa—Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Uganda and Sudan—a major targets and sources of terrorism. Following the membership of AMISOM troupes Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti are becoming the second target aim by Alshabab in across East Africa while the re-election of President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is also feeding Shabab’s capability for renewal.
SOMESHA made a tremendous monitoring and evaluation and find-out that the re-election of the liberal policy maker is just shifting Shabab’s renewals and their courage to speed their aims and obtaining finance from Al-Kaeda terrorist company through money laundering via Hawala typical money transfer. It once held sway over the capital of Mogadishu and large portions of the Somali countryside, but in recent years an African Union–led (AU) military campaign has pushed it back from major population centers. However, the insurgency remains the principal security challenge in war-torn Somalia, and continues to mount lethal attacks against Western and AU forces and civilians in the region.
There will be some attacks in Ethiopia during the century or the 2022 due to the current security weakness exists within their security agencies in which caused by the ongoing conflict and the war at the Tigray region. Ethiopia knows all about terrorism. A Marxist-Leninist regime practiced governmental terrorism after it overthrew Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974. Ethiopian Airlines has a history of airplane hijackings. An Egyptian terrorist organization with the complicity of elements in Sudan tried to assassinate Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak as he arrived in Addis Ababa for an Organization of African Unity summit in 1995.
In Sudan there will be several ongoing politically motivated foreign target missions still on planned progress and Shabab needs to grow there due to the weak administration exist currently. Muslim Somalia and predominantly Muslim Sudan each have a 1,000-mile-long frontier with Ethiopia. There are few controls along the borders; persons can cross without detection. The export of Islamic radicalism from Sudan was a major concern of the Ethiopian government until the outbreak of conflict with Eritrea in 1998 changed the political dynamic in the region. In order to focus on its new Eritrean enemy, Ethiopia normalized its relations with Sudan.
Fighting among leaders of rival factions and the lack of a stable functional government enables the Islamist militia, al Shabaab, whose objective is to establish a Somali caliphate in the entire nation, to unleash terror on Somalis and conduct terrorist activities in the region. These terrorist activities are a threat to regional stability, peace and security, and Kenya’s national interests as well as the United States and her European allies.
Shabab leadership is now deploying their fighters as students to the neighboring counties including Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia but Sudan is the largest destination for Somali students outside their country.