Counting the current situations for Somalia environmental security

The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) thrilled to make sure her first environmental security alert in cooperation with her local sister organization Somalia Travel Journalists Association (SOTJA).

The Al-kaeda linked terrorist group in Somalia and better known as Al-Shabab continues to conduct attacks both within Somalia and in neighboring countries including Uganda, Kenya and Djibouti, targeting civilians, the Somali state officials, European Union diplomats (EU) and both UN staff and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) as well as the foreign humanitarian Aid workers and tourism diaspora Somalis.

Meanwhile, security forces in Somalia that are working to counter al-Shabab activities including forces from the United States, AMISOM, and the Somali government—are all in the midst of transition. AMISOM is tasked with handing over authority to Somali security forces, but this transfer of responsibility has faced multiple delays and setbacks, with the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council voting to extend AMISOM’s mandate until the end of 2022.

The Somali state is currently facing a governance crisis after political leaders failed to organize presidential elections in time before the four-year term of President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed—also known as “Farmaajo” expired on February 8, 2021. This is a big part of problem ever refreshed Shabab activities in across Somalia.

On 2017, the Islamist group al Shabaab on Monday claimed responsibility for a bomb blast in Mogadishu that killed more than 90 people over the weekend while Somalia said a foreign government that it did not identify helped plan the attack though it was finally confirmed the death of More than 200 people were killed in near simultaneous bombings in the Somali capital and more than 250 people were injured, officials said on Sunday, marking the most deadly such attack by Somalia’s al Shabaab insurgency.

Shabab’s political motivated killings are still going on day by day and it seems to be increased recently it was on November 25, 2021 when eight people have been killed and 17 injured, including schoolchildren, in a car bombing in Somalia’s capital as Shabab claimed the attach as well.

At least 48 people were killed in the central town of Beledweyne including MP Amina Mohamed on March 23, 2022 by Shabab. Earlier on Wednesday, almost six people were killed when two al-Shabaab gunmen tried to storm Mogadishu’s Aden Adde international airport.

SOMESHA and SOTJA will continue their monitoring and evaluation reports on Somalia’s environmental conditions which is currently under fire and bombing attacks by the terrorist group of Shabab. There will be also attacks against journalists and humanitarian Aid workers and abductions as well.


Since its inception in 2006, al-Shabab has capitalized on the feebleness of Somalia’s central government, despite the government’s strengthening in recent years, to control large swaths of ungoverned territory. The terrorist group reached its peak in 2011 when it controlled parts of the capital city of Mogadishu and the vital port of Kismayo. Kenyan troops, operating as part of AMISOM, entered Somalia later that year and successfully pushed al-Shabab out of most of its strongholds.

In response to the 2011 intervention, al-Shabab has committed more than 150 attacks in Kenya, a long-time U.S. ally. The most brutal were a January 2016 attack on a Kenyan army camp in El Adde killing 200 soldiers, an April 2015 attack on a Kenyan college campus that killed 148 people, and a September 2013 attack on a mall in Nairobi that killed at least 67.

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