The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) thrilled to receive a prayer dispatch from H. E. Ambassador Mohamed Ali Nur Amerika on Sunday morning June 05, 2010 as it was on the occasion of the World Environment Day.
He was stated within the dispatch that Somalia’s current climate is hot and dry, with uneven rainfall and regular droughts (USDS, 2010). It experiences a northeast monsoon from December to February, at which time temperatures in the north become moderate while the south is hot; a southwest monsoon from May to October occurs when the north is extremely hot. In addition to that, the key environmental challenges in Somalia are several and are related to deforestation, land degradation, increasing aridity and overgrazing, water scarcity, waste disposal, climate change and ecosystem services. These challenges cause negative trends to poverty, health, economy and ecological and human resilience.
“Somalia has untapped reserves of numerous natural resources, including uranium, iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt and natural gas. Australian and Chinese oil companies have been granted licenses for finding petroleum and other natural resources in the country and while Somalia’s most valuable resources are its pastures, which cover most of the country. Somalia has few mineral resources—only some deposits of tin, phosphate, gypsum, guano, coal, iron ore, and uranium—and both quantity and quality are too low for mining to be worthwhile” said by Ambassador Mohamed Ali Nur better known as “Ambassador Ameriko”
“There are four distinct seasons that comprise the spring rains of April to June, a dry summer from July to September, the autumn rains of October and November and a dry winter from December to March so currently Somalia is at risk to several natural hazards, including drought, floods, cyclones, and climate-related diseases and epidemics. Somalia suffers from vast numbers of malnourished children and a huge population which needs humanitarian aid as conflict is ongoing” he added
However, Somalia is contributing to just 0.08 per cent of global emissions, Somalia is ranked among the most climate vulnerable countries in the world (LDCs). According to the last measurement from the world Bank on 13 Sept 2009 but still there is hope and Somalia’s goal is to reduce climate change-induced vulnerabilities for the poorest communities, namely the 65% of the population who depend on natural resources through pastoralism and agriculture.